How Did Gandhi And The Congress Party Work For Independence In India
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, known as Mahatma Gandhi with reverence, was a pivotal figure in India’s history, primarily known for his contribution towards the achievement of independence from the British rule. A lawyer by education, he encouraged Indian farmers, peasants and laborers to raise their voice against discrimination and excessive land tax. He assumed leadership of the Indian National Congress in 1921, and led massive campaigns to ease poverty, expand women rights, build ethnic and religious amity, end untouchability, and most importantly achieve Swaraj. Here at OneHowTo.com, we will tell you how did Gandhi and the Congress Party work for independence in India.
In 1919, Gandhi and the congress party started the Khilafat movement, which was a global protest of Muslims against the deteriorating status of the Caliph. With this movement, Gandhi gained a multi-cultural base in India, he raised his power within the Congress party, and this helped a lot in his future struggle for independence.
Gandhi believed that British rule could establish in India only because Indians cooperated with them. If Indians stopped cooperating with the British, they would collapse and they would gain Swaraj. The movement included complete abandonment of British products and services, including their food, clothes and other items. He advocated wearing khadi textiles only, which Indians had to make on a spinning wheel. In addition, the movement also involved boycott of any British educational institutes, law courts, government employment and any British honors and titles. It was during this movement that hundreds of peaceful protestants were gathered at the Jallianwala Bagh, and British officers passed orders to shoot them all of a sudden.
In 1930, British passed the Salt Acts, which prohibited Indians to collect salt and sell it. They were forced to buy salt from British only, that too after paying hefty salt taxes. To defy this Salt Act, Gandhi led a Dandi March from his Sabarmati Ashram home to the Arabian Sea coastal town of Dandi. Gandhi had plans to reach Dandi, and start making salt from the sea water. But the British stopped them on the way, and put thousands of people in jail, including Gandhi. The march was attended by more than 60,000 men and women, and the distance covered was around 241 miles.
Gandhi’s contribution towards Indian independence
Gandhi was a preacher of passive resistance, and believed that violent acts will only provoke negative reaction from the British. His thoughts of non-violence and peaceful protest encouraged more and more people to support the Congress party, and they all together are rightly credited for bringing Indian independence. Gandhi was imprisoned many times, and he went through several hunger strikes as part of his mission to achieve freedom to India.
With all these movements, Gandhi and the Congress party made way for the Indian independence, and it is because of them that Indian people have their own rule in their country.
The Independence of India from the British empire was finally achieved on the 15th August 1947 after the British government granted India its independence due to the decrease of power the Empire had after WWII and the lack of international support towards the Indian situation. On that day, the Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru raised the Indian flag over the Red Fort, Delhi.
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