What are the different types of Meditation

By Sara . Updated: January 16, 2017
What are the different types of Meditation

Meditation is a way of calming the mind and body so that we can feel closer to our inner self. Meditation is rapidly being accepted by people all over the world due to its myriad of benefits. Meditation can be done anywhere with a quiet surrounding. The key to meditation is to calm yourself down and focus on one single thing.

Broadly, meditation can be categorized into 2 categories: Hindu Meditation and Buddhist Meditation. In this article we will know about the different types of Meditation.

You may also be interested in: How to practice Vipassana meditation at home

Hindu Meditation

This kind of meditation is based on the hindu religion, and was where the buddhist meditation was based, as Buddha was originally a Hindu prince, though it has evolved highly during the years.

Transcendental Meditation: The Transcendental meditation was introduced in 1955 by Maharishi Mahesh Yogi. Transcendental Meditation is done by sitting in a quiet place with eyes closed. Then some mantras are chanted for 15 – 20 minutes. This meditation is done two times in a day.

Mantra Meditation: Mantra meditation uses the repetition of a particular mantra or the sacred name of God and the process is known as Jaap. It is done by sitting erect with your eyes closed. Then the mantra is repeated silently in one's mind for a particular number of times. Sometimes to feel the vibration of the sounds certain mantras like Om, Om Namah Shivay, Rama etc; are chanted in a very low voice.

Yoga Meditation: Yoga means union. Yoga Meditation is a blend of Physical posture (called asanas), rules ( called Niyams), breating exercises (called pranayam) and contemplative practice of meditation (called dhyan or Samadhi). Some common form of Yoga Meditation are:

  • Third Eye meditation
  • Chakra meditation
  • Kundalini meditation
  • Kriya yoga
  • Pranayam
  • Sound Meditation
  • Tantra
  • Gazink Meditation/ Trataka
What are the different types of Meditation - Hindu Meditation

Buddhist Meditation

On the other hand, buddhist meditation follows the beliefs of this religion and philosophy, being the Nirvana or enlightenment its final goal.

Vipassana Meditation: The word Vipassana means clear seeing or insight. The practice of Vipassana meditation is dated back to the 6th century BC. Vipassana Meditation is practiced by concentrating first on the breathing. Then focus is shifted toward stabilizing the mind. Then the focus is moved on to the body to develop a clear insight of bodily sensations and mental phenomena.

Zen Meditation: Zen Meditation is also known as’ Zazen’ or ‘Seated Zen’ or ‘seated meditation’. Zen Meditation is practiced by sitting straight on the floor or on a mat. The legs are kept crossed in lotus or half lotus position. Nowadays Zen meditation is also practiced by sitting on a chair. During this meditation the mouth is kept close and the eyes are lowered and the gaze is kept at two or three feet in front of you on the ground. It can be done in two ways: first by focusing completely on your breathing and the second is by just sitting and being aware of the present moment.

Mindfulness Meditation: Mindfulness is a common western translation for the Buddhist term Sati. Focusing on the present moment is the key to Mindfulness meditation. In this meditation, at first sit straight on floor or chair. Then pay attention to your own breathing. Or you can focus on what is going on in daily life i.e. what is going on in the present moment.

Loving Kindness Meditation: This meditation is also known as Metta Meditation. Metta means kindness, good will and benevolence. In this meditation a person sits down in meditation position while keeping the eyes closed. Then he/she generates the feeling of kindness in his/her heart and mind. The kindness is towards oneself and to others. This meditation helps in developing positive emotions for oneself and others and heighten the feeling of purpose of life.

What are the different types of Meditation - Buddhist Meditation

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