What are the Winds Called According to their Origin

By Mary Smith. Updated: January 16, 2017
What are the Winds Called According to their Origin

Do you know what is wind exactly?

Wind is the movement of gas, that is, of air. There is solar wind, the Suns's gases moving across space; planetary wind; and the wind that we feel when we go out here on Earth. That wind moves in the atmosphere because of differences in pressure.

Thermal energy - which has a great part in the daily weather - moves in large scales around the Earth because of ocean and atmospheric circulation; the latter is what creates wind patterns. In many cultures,winds are given names depending on their strength and the direction from which they blow. In this OneHowTo article, we'll explain what are the winds called according to their origin.

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Names for the north wind

Since the name of a wind depends on its origin, a "north wind" starts from the north and blows south instead of going north, as it may seem.

In the Northern Hemisphere, the north wind is cold and turbulent and it turns the sky deep blue; it often picks up acceleration in mountains. It gets different names in different places:

  • Bora: From Hungaria to the Adriatic Sea
  • Boreas: Name of the north wind in Greek mythology
  • Brisa: Coast of South America and monsoon in the Philippines
  • Brisote: Strong trade wind in Cuba
  • Churada: Strong, rainy wind in the Marianas during the monsoon
  • Cierzo: Cold and dry wind in the Western Mediterranean
  • Etesian: Soft summer wind in the Mediterranean
  • Gregale: Strong wind in the Mediterranean
  • Matanuska: Strong winter wind in Alaska
  • Mistral: See "Cierzo"
  • Nashi: Winter with in the Persian Gulf
  • Norte: Strong, cold wind in the Gulf of Mexico
  • Nor'easter: Strong wind in New England
  • Norther: Strong, cold wind in the Southern Plains of the US
  • Papagayo: Strong wind in the Pacific coast
  • Squamish: Strong wind in British Columbia
  • Tehuantepecer: See "Papagayo"
  • Tramontana: Strong, cold wind in northeastern Spain

Names for the northwestern wind

  • Barat: Strong wind in Manado Bay
  • Maestro: Soft summer wind in the Western Atlantic
  • Shamal: Strong summer wind in the Persian Gulf
  • Vardar: Cold fall-winter wind in the Gulf of Salonica

Names for the east wind

The east wind starts in the east and blows west.

  • Austru: Cold wind in Romania
  • Bali: Strong wind in Java
  • Bentu de Soli: Wind in Sardinia
  • Brisa: Trade wind in Puerto Rico
  • Eurus: Name for the east wind in Greek mythology
  • Leste: Hot, dry wind in the Eastern Atlantic
  • Levante: Strong, rainy and foggy wind in the Western Mediterranean.
  • Taku: Strong winter wind in Alaska

Names for the southeast wind

  • Cape Doctor: Strong wind in South Africa
  • Knik: Strong wind in Alaska
  • Levanto: Hot wind in the Eastern Atlantic
  • Sharki: Wind in the Persian Gulf
  • Sirocco: Warm wind in the Western Mediterranea that picks up red dust from the Sahara desert.
  • Suestado: Stormy wind in the Southwestern Atlantic

Names of the south wind

The south wind, of course, blows north.

  • Auster
  • Buster: Strong wind
  • Elephanta: Strong fall wind in India
  • Friagem: Cold wind in Brazil
  • Föhn: Warm dry wind blowing down mountains, especially in the Alps
  • Gibli:
  • Khamsin: Hot spring wind in Egypt
  • Notus: Name of the south wind in Greek mythology
  • Ostria: Warm wind in Bulgaria
  • Ostro: Warm, rainy wind in Spain

Names for the southwest wind

  • Kona: Stormy wind in Hawaii
  • Lebeche: Wind in Spain that picks up sand and dust from the Sahara and keeps it in suspension, creating a haze or warm mist in the south.

Names for the west wind

The west wind blows to the east, and it's usually considered the softest.

  • Pampero: Strong cold wind in Argentina
  • Poniente: Soft, humid wind in the Western Mediterranean.
  • Zephyrus: Name for the west wind in Greek mythology

Since most local winds get their own names, we can't collect them all. If you know the what the winds are called according to their origin in your region, please tell us in the comments section!

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What are the Winds Called According to their Origin
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