The Original Story Of Pandora's Box
The story of Pandora's box is similar to many Greek myths. The exact meaning of the story is open to interpretation, but it has resonance which still exists today, thousands of years later. This is seen in the fact we still use the phrase 'opening Pandora's box' when we mean one seemingly small action might have mighty and far reaching consequences. It also speaks to human nature's tendency to desire to do the things were are forbidden from doing. Why we do this is still not clear a couple of millennia on from Ancient Greece. However, as oneHOWTO looks at the original story of Pandora's box, we might get some insight into how this tale of unleashed fury might still prove useful today.
Summary of the Story
The story of Pandora originates from Ancient Greek mythology, particularly the sets of poems known as Theogony and Works and Days by Hesiod. The story was written during 7th century BC, relating to the story of how Gods created life on earth, including Pandora. It has been given much philosophical consideration, both contemporaneously and in the modern day. The original story of Pandora’s Box starts with the story of Epimetheus, Prometheus and Zeus. Here is the story digested into stages:
- Epimetheus and Prometheus were both brothers and Titans, but they also pledged loyalty to the Olympians and Zeus. Prometheus had a super power of prophecy since birth and knew that the Titans will be defeated by Zeus. This is why he decided to be on the side of Olympians.
- As a reward for their loyalty, Zeus assigned both brothers the task of creating life on earth and populating it. Epimetheus created all the creatures and animals and gave some special form of protection and wondrous qualities to each of them, including speed, strength, flight, etc. While Prometheus was busy creating man, Epimetheus distributed all forms of protection among animals and there was nothing left for man. To keep man protected, Prometheus asked Zeus to give fire to man, but Zeus refused, since fire was the power that belonged only to Gods.
- Ignoring Zeus, Prometheus gave fire to man by burning a torch from the sun and offering it to man. For this, Zeus decided to punish him. He was tied to a distant rock of the Caucasus Mountains with chains. This was a place where nobody could reach him. Every day, an eagle was sent to Prometheus by Zeus who enjoyed a feast on his liver. Surprisingly, the liver grew back each night so that the torture could be continued by the eagle. One day, Heracles reached Prometheus, killed the eagle and rescued Prometheus.
- According to Zeus, humans were equally punishable for having accepted fire as a gift from Prometheus. So, as a punishment to mankind, he created Pandora, the first woman on earth. She was as beautiful as Aphrodite and was blessed with all the gifts of health, generosity, peace, kindness, beauty and wisdom. Zeus sent Pandora to earth as Epimetheus’s wife.
- Prometheus had warned his brother about Zeus’ deceit and asked him not to accept any gift from the Gods, but Epimetheus was excessively attracted towards her beauty and married her anyway. At her wedding, Zeus gifted a box to Pandora, which was a large jar containing all the evils of the world. Zeus asked her not to open it ever. Unfortunately, out of curiosity, Pandora could not stay away from it and wished to open it. Epimetheus kept the key of the box all the time, but one day, when he was asleep, Pandora stole the key and opened the box.
- As soon as Pandora opened the box, a number of evil entities started flying out of it. These included hatred, envy, greed, disease, poverty, pain, death and war. All these miseries of human life escaped the box and entered the real world. By the time Pandora slammed back the box’s lid, all the evils had escaped except for ‘hope’. Pandora was left with regret that was far deeper as compared to the curiosity she had been plagued with. Ever since, humankind has been able to keep this hope alive with an aim to survive the evil wickedness that escaped the box because of Pandora.
Symbolism of Pandora’s Box
The story of Pandora’s Box symbolizes the fact every human needs active participation against evil just to survive. Pandora is the representation of a beautiful, but ultimately destructive figure. She symbolizes something that man cannot escape. She was a quintessential figure of a woman whom Zeus created to charm man with her unfathomable beauty and sexuality. Her hidden mission was to bring treachery, disobedience and falsehood into man’s life. She was created with an aim to let all the evil spirits escape and enter the world. At the same time, hope was kept trapped so that it could remain inaccessible to mankind.
Moral of the Story
In modern life as well, the consequences of curiosity are similar in nature as those were of Pandora. When we do something out of curiosity, we think of getting inexplicable excitement or rewards. Most of the time, however, we either get a lesson or regret for life. Out of curiosity, man created fire and revolutionized cooking, warmth and protection, but the same fire also burnt villages and caused wars. Curiosity led mankind to make industrial tools and ploughs out of metals, but the same metals were used to make weapons and swords. Intellectual curiosity led to the use of atoms for global power and medicine, but the same atoms were used to destroy huge cities too. Curiosity gives way to innovation and exploration, but it can sometimes lead to unpredictable outcomes as well.
The moral of the Pandora’s story largely lies in the end. As all the evils escaped the box, Pandora became inconsolable due to regret. The box had become empty, but she could still see a tiny spirit of hope in it. She immediately came to know that this tiny spirit will ease out the troubles she had inflicted on all the humans out of her curiosity. This spirit of hope will help mankind to survive the spirits she had let go.
Even today, hope is beautiful and we resort to it every time we get engulfed by an evil spirit like despair, poverty, disease or pain. The original story of Pandora’s Box reminds mankind to look into the bottom of their boxes and find that little spirit of hope still shining. As a moral, we can find happiness even during the darkest of times, provided that we look back into the box and find that spirit of hope.
Literal Meaning of Pandora’s Box
In modern language, Pandora’s Box is used as a metaphor to refer to the time, place or thing that led to endless complications in a person’s life. It generally indicates the source of troubles arising from a simple, single mistake or miscalculation. It basically refers to something that should be left untouched, because you may never know what may come out of it. Hesiod described Pandora as a curse on the world. She had the speech for telling lies, and a mind to plan treachery and fraud. She was a great misery that will stay with men at all times and desert them during difficult times. Her name ‘Pandora’ literally means ‘the one who has received all gifts’.
If you have read Bible, you will recognize Pandora as Eve, who was also the first woman on earth. She was also responsible for bringing destruction to innocence. Both Eve and Pandora are cursed women who have been made responsible to bring reason, deception and destruction to humankind. Reading with modern eyes, there is an undeniable tone of sexism, as if women through curiosity and ignorance wreaked all negativity onto the world. One lesson to learn from the original story of Pandora's box is that anyone, regardless of gender, is capable of being curious or ignorant, hopeful or destructive.
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